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When fat inside the body accumulates in excess proportion such that it leads to negative health effects, the condition is called obesity. This is calculated by a parameter called Body Mass Index {BMI}, a measurement that is obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of person's height. When BMI is between 25- 30kg/sq.m , and over it, then the person is termed obese. It is more common in women than in men and children who tend to be obese, grow as obese adults. Obese individuals, in contrast to their non-obese counterparts have leptin resistance, a protein hormone expressed by adipocytes (fat cells) that have a great impact on weight maintenance.


Sedentary lifestyle, and lack of physical activity plays a significant role in Obesity. Globally, there has been a major change in work pattern due to increased mechanized conveyance methods and technology advancements. Today's schools giving less importance to physical education and restricting children only to books, leads to childhood obesity. Genes and environmental factors also play a major role in causing obesity. Mutations in genes like FTO (fat mass and obesity associated gene) that control appetite and metabolism predispose to obesity. Hormonal imbalances like hypothyroidism, Cushing syndrome, Growth hormone deficiency and certain drugs that are used to treat specific diseases also cause this disease. Psychiatric disorders like binge eating syndrome, night eating syndrome increase the risk of obesity.


Some of the symptoms of obesity are breathlessness, inability to cope with sudden physical activity, feeling very tired every day, back and joint pains, low confidence and self-esteem, feeling isolated, increased sweating, snoring and more.

Should you notice that your body mass index is 30 and above, then speak to a doctor online who can correctly advice you to get in shape.


Obesity is considered the leading preventable disease worldwide. This can be achieved mainly by lifestyle modification that includes diet control and physical activity. Behavioral therapy, drug therapy and surgery also aid in reducing the illness.

The treatment can include diet control and weight loss management, behavioral therapy (through stress management, counselling people for psychological eating disorders, anti-depression therapies), drug management (consisting of medication for specific hormonal imbalances and other co-morbidities) and the last resort being surgery (Bariatric surgery and procedures like gastric sleeve and Roux--En-Y gastric bypass surgery).

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