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WHAT IS DIABETES?

It is not easy to live with any form of diabetes. One needs to regularly check the blood sugar levels, be disciplined about their diet and carefully manage regular treatments like insulin. It may seem to be too much at times and that is the reason getting the proper advice and support is so important. One may often find it overwhelming at times.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) relates to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of Hyperglycemia. There are different types of Diabetes that are a result of the permutation and combination of the complex interactions between environmental factors and genetics. These factors determine the type of Diabetes and contribute to hyperglycemia, which shows decreased glucose utilization, reduced insulin reaction and more of glucose production.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF DIABETES?

Diabetes can occur due to immune mediated causes or may also develop spontaneously owing to an unknown cause. This is known as TYPE 1 Diabetes which is primarily due to the destruction of beta cells and leads to deficiency of insulin in the body.

TYPE 2 is the other form of diabetes which has a range from insulin deficiency to secretion defect of insulin due to insulin resistance in the body.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) occurs when a pregnant lady (who is not diabetic) cannot tolerate any degree of glucose.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES?

  • Excessive eating (polyphagia)
  • Excessive drinking of water (Polydipsia)
  • Excessive urinating (Polyuria).
  • Physical inactivity
  • Obesity
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) disorder
  • Hypertension
  • History of cardiovascular diseases.

Often many are not even aware that they are diabetic. Should these symptoms surface, Get in touch with a GP today for correct advice.

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR DIABETES?

Diabetes treatment incorporates the lowering of glucose agents in the body. Physical activity is a necessary aspect, ranging from mild to moderate and in addition to it, there should be low intake of carbohydrates. Intake of Insulin is also advised as part of the treatment.

Besides, lifestyle modification is another important aspect that includes changes in physical activity, diet, quitting smoking and alcohol, effective weight management, controlling blood pressure etc. Moreover, there are antiglycemic drugs that help in the management of underlying conditions due to diabetes.

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