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WHAT IS OILY SKIN?
In the natural state, oil (Sebum) is usually produced on the surface of the skin to keep it supple and moisturized. When there is an excessive production of sebum, it results in oily skin. This happens due to enlarged or clogged pores, which give the skin a greasy or shiny appearance. Commonly associated with oily skin are blackheads/pimples and severe acne.
WHAT CAUSES OILY SKIN?
Sebaceous glands present in our skin usually secrete a normal amount of sebum to lubricate our skin and prevent it from drying or irritation. The sebum along with sweat is secreted from our pores on the skin. However, when there is an overactivity of the sebaceous glands, they may produce too much of sebum which gives the skin an oily look. Similarly, the sebum along with dead skin cells clog the pores, thus resulting in the formation of blackheads and whiteheads. Besides, hormonal fluctuations and menstrual cycles also effect the oil production and clogging.
The overproduction of oils in the sebaceous follicles of the skin, which are heavily found around the face and upper back often lead to acne. Alterations to follicular development, including hyper keratinization, contribute to it. The gram-positive anaerobic bacteria Propionibacterium acnes inhabit the skin and sebaceous follicles. P. acnes releases enzymes (e.g., lipases, proteases) that are responsible for the associated inflammation and the creation of inflammatory mediators. These mediators subsequently cause plugged follicles to become inflamed, thus leading to the lesions known as papules, pustules, and nodules. During puberty, acne development may result from endocrine changes brought about by the onset of puberty, increased androgenic hormones, and increased sebum production.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF OILY SKIN?
The skin usually looks greasy and shiny. Pores are enlarged and clogged especially near the nose, chin and forehead. Make-up usually doesn't stay in place and slides off.
Should you find that despite your best efforts you are unable to control the oiliness of your skin or you are experiencing pimples, then ask our dermatologist or simply speak to a doctor for the correct advice.
HOW TO TREAT OILY SKIN?
- Use skin care products that are non-comedogenic.
- Use a face-wash that has salicylic acid
- Drink at least 4-5 liters of water /day
- Avoid refined sugars/carbohydrates.
- Include omega 3 fatty acid foods like flax seeds and chia seeds along with fruits and vegetables.
- Use blotting tissues to wipe excess oil.
- Do not touch your skin as it only transfers bacteria and dirt onto the face.
- Use a light, oil-free moisturizer because it is still important to hydrate the skin as dryness can act as a trigger to produce more oil.
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