Consult for Sinus Infection Management
Sinusitis is the inflammation in the tissues lining sinuses, affecting approximately 15% of the population in India. Sinuses are air containing empty spaces in certain bones of the skull and there are 4 paired sinuses namely maxillary, frontal, ethmoidal and sphenoidal.
Healthy sinus vs Inflamed Sinus (source)
Functions of Sinuses
- Air conditioning of the inhaled air
- Provide resonance to voice
- Lighten the skull bones
- Act as thermal insulators
Types of Sinusitis
|Sinusitis Types||Duration of Symptoms|
|Acute||2 to 4 weeks|
|Sub-acute||4 to 8 weeks|
|Chronic||8 to 12 weeks or longer|
|Recurrent acute||3 or more episodes of acute sinusitis in a year|
Causes of Sinusitis
- Respiratory Infections: Viral, bacterial and fungal
- Allergies such as (Allergic rhinitis)
- Anatomic factors
- Deviated nasal septum
- Nasal polyps
- Enlargement of the nose (nasal bone spur)
- Environmental factors
- Cold and wet climate
- Atmospheric pollution
Sign and Symptoms of Sinusitis
Acute and chronic sinusitis causes similar symptoms that include
- Nasal Discharge
- Stuffy /congested nose
- Pain, tenderness, and pressure in the face
- Loss of sense of smell
- Bad breath
- Ear pain
Warning signs of a severe infection include confusion, red and swollen eyes, severe headache & vision changes.
Should you experience such symptoms see a doctor at the earliest.
Management of Sinusitis
Diagnosis is made by
- Clinical evaluation
- MRI or CT Scan
Treatment of Sinusitis
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Take a rest
- Steam inhalation with hot water
- Stay indoors and away from a cold, humid environment, smoke and pollution
- Warm compress on the face helps in reducing pain
Treatment of acute and chronic sinusitis is based on the cause and can be medical, surgical or both based on medical advice.
Steam inhalation, warm compress over pain and take adequate rest.
The viral infection is the most common cause of sinusitis.
Untreated infection can spread to the eyes, nose, and brain leading to serious issues.
Sinusitis can cause nasal congestion, discharge, headache, and facial pain. Treatment depends upon the cause and under medical advice.
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