Dengue Fever Treatment Online
WHAT IS DENGUE?
Dengue is the most common and important insect-borne viral illness that affects humans. It is transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes, caused by dengue virus of the family Flaviviridae. The incidence of dengue has increased in recent times with estimates of 40%-50% of the world's population being at risk.
Dengue fever is typically a self-limited disease with a death rate of less than 1% when detected early and one has access to proper medical care. When treated, severe dengue has a death rate of 2%-5% but when left untreated, the mortality rate is as high as 20%.
WHAT CAUSES DENGUE?
There are four types of dengue viruses and any one of these are spread by mosquitoes. These mosquitoes thrive near human accommodations. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. Now, when the infected mosquito bites another person, the virus enters that person's bloodstream, infecting the person with dengue.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DENGUE?
On an average, dengue becomes symptomatic after a 4-10-day incubation period and symptoms usually last 2-7 days. Many individuals with dengue may be asymptomatic. Many patients with dengue experience a prodrome (an early sign or symptom, which often indicates the onset of a disease before more specific signs and symptoms develop) of chills, rashes.
The specific signs and symptoms include:
- High grade fever (104 F)
- Headache, pain behind the eyes.
- Severe muscle pains - especially of the lower back, arms and legs.
- Joint pains-usually of knees and shoulder.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of appetite
- Sore throat
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Bleeding manifestations like bleeding gums, nose bleed, blood in urine.
There can be complications as well. In the event of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever and Dengue Shock Syndrome, the platelet count falls to critical levels and there are signs of shock syndrome that appear in the form of bleeding from sites of trauma, gastrointestinal bleeding and blood in urine. Among children, it is present with febrile seizures. In few cases, it occurs 3-7 days after symptom onset or rarely within 24 hours. The subsequent 24 hours after the onset of these symptoms are critical and the patient needs intensive care. If left untreated, hemorrhagic fever, most likely, progresses to shock. The symptoms of impending shock include abdominal pain, vomiting and restlessness. Patients also may have symptoms related to circulatory failure such as pallor, tachycardia, dizziness / lightheadedness, and a decreased level of consciousness.
In the event of fever with high temperature, you should not take the risk. Instant you should ask a doctor online who will guide you correctly.
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR DENGUE?
Oral rehydration therapy is recommended for patients with moderate dehydration that is caused by high fever and vomiting. In cases of severe dehydration, intravenous fluid administration is indicated. Patients with internal or gastrointestinal bleeding may require transfusion and patients with coagulopathy require fresh frozen plasma. In case of shock syndrome, patient requires admission in intensive care unit and needs to be kept under observation.
When the platelet count is very low and the patient presents with bleeding manifestations, patients require platelet transfusion.
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