Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement and is caused by a loss of dopamine-producing cells in the brain. World Parkinson's Disease Day is observed every year on April 11th to raise awareness about Parkinson's disease (PD) and promote better understanding of the condition.
Causes of Parkinson’s Disease:
The exact causes of Parkinson's disease are not entirely known. However, some of the known causes and risk factors of Parkinson's disease include:
- Age: Parkinson's disease is more common in people over the age of 60.
- Genetics: There is a small percentage of cases where the disease is caused by genetic mutations.
- Environmental Factors: Exposure to certain toxins and chemicals may increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease.
- Head Trauma: People who have experienced head injuries may have a higher risk of developing Parkinson's disease.
Early Signs of Parkinson’s Disease to watch out for:
Parkinson's disease typically develops slowly over time, and the symptoms may be mild at first. The early signs of Parkinson's disease can vary from person to person, but some of the common ones include:
- Tremors: Tremors or shaking of the hands, arms, legs, jaw, or face are common in Parkinson's disease.
- Stiffness: Stiffness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk may cause difficulty in movement.
- Slowness: Slowness of movement, also known as bradykinesia, can make daily tasks more challenging.
- Balance and Coordination: Loss of balance and coordination may cause falls and difficulty walking.
- Changes in Speech: Changes in speech, such as a soft or monotone voice, may occur in Parkinson's disease.
- Changes in Smell: Changes in sense of smell may be an early sign of Parkinson's disease.
It is important to note that not everyone with Parkinson's disease experiences all of these symptoms, and some people may experience different or additional symptoms.
Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement, and early detection is crucial for effective treatment. If you notice any of the early signs of Parkinson's disease, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis. Let us all come together on World Parkinson's Disease Day to raise awareness about this condition and support those living with it.